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Svelte

This guide explains how to configure your plugin to use Svelte, a light-weight alternative to traditional frameworks like React and Vue.

Svelte is built around a compiler that preprocesses your code and outputs vanilla JavaScript, which means it doesn't need to load any libraries at run time. This also means that it doesn't need a virtual DOM to track state changes, which allows your plugin to run with minimal additional overhead.

If you want to learn more about Svelte, and how to use it, refer to the tutorial and the documentation.

This guide assumes that you've finished Create your first plugin.

Visual Studio Code

Svelte has an official Visual Studio Code extension that enables syntax highlighting and rich IntelliSense in Svelte components.

Configure your plugin#

To build a Svelte application, you need to install the dependencies and configure your plugin to compile code written using Svelte.

  1. Add Svelte to your plugin dependencies:

    npm install --save-dev svelte svelte-preprocess @tsconfig/svelte esbuild-svelte
  2. Extend the tsconfig.json to enable additional type checking for common Svelte issues. The types property is important for TypeScript to recognize .svelte files.

    tsconfig.json
    {  "extends": "@tsconfig/svelte/tsconfig.json",  "compilerOptions": {    "types": ["svelte", "node"],
        // ...  }}
  3. Remove the following line from your tsconfig.json as it conflicts with the Svelte configuration.

    tsconfig.json
    "inlineSourceMap": true,
  4. In esbuild.config.mjs, add the following imports to the top of the file:

    esbuild.config.mjs
    import esbuildSvelte from "esbuild-svelte";import sveltePreprocess from "svelte-preprocess";
  5. Add Svelte to the list of plugins.

    esbuild.config.mjs
     esbuild .build({   plugins: [     esbuildSvelte({       compilerOptions: { css: true },       preprocess: sveltePreprocess(),     }),   ],   // ... }) .catch(() => process.exit(1));

Create a Svelte component#

In the root directory of the plugin, create a new file called Component.svelte:

Component.svelte
<script lang="ts">  export let variable: number;</script>
<div class="number">  <span>My number is {variable}!</span></div>
<style>  .number {    color: red;  }</style>

Mount the Svelte component#

To use the Svelte component, it needs to be mounted on an existing HTML element. For example, if you are mounting on a custom ItemView in Obsidian:

import { ItemView, WorkspaceLeaf } from "obsidian";
import Component from "./Component.svelte";
const VIEW_TYPE_EXAMPLE = "example-view";
class ExampleView extends ItemView {  component: Component;
  constructor(leaf: WorkspaceLeaf) {    super(leaf);  }
  getViewType() {    return VIEW_TYPE_EXAMPLE;  }
  getDisplayText() {    return "Example view";  }
  async onOpen() {    this.component = new Component({      target: this.contentEl,      props: {        variable: 1      }    });  }
  async onClose() {    this.component.$destroy();  }}
info

Svelte requires at least TypeScript 4.5. If you see the following error when you build the plugin, you need to upgrade TypeScript to a more recent version.

error TS5023: Unknown compiler option 'preserveValueImports'.

To fix the error, run the following in your terminal:

yarn upgrade typescript@~4.5.0

Create a Svelte store#

To create a store for your plugin and access it from within a generic Svelte component instead of passing the plugin as a prop, follow these steps:

  1. Create a file called store.ts:

    store.ts
    import { writable } from "svelte/store";import type ExamplePlugin from "./main";
    const plugin = writable<ExamplePlugin>();export default { plugin };
  2. Configure the store:

    view.ts
    import { ItemView, WorkspaceLeaf } from "obsidian";import type ExamplePlugin from "./main";import store from "./store";import Component from "./Component.svelte";
    const VIEW_TYPE_EXAMPLE = "example-view";
    class ExampleView extends ItemView {  // ...
      async onOpen() {    store.plugin.set(this.plugin);
        this.component = new Component({      target: this.contentEl,      props: {        variable: 1      }    });  }}
  3. To use the store in your component:

    Component.svelte
    <script lang="ts">  import type MyPlugin from "./main";
      let plugin: MyPlugin;  store.plugin.subscribe((p) => (plugin = p));</script>